Note coaching references we like best are closest to the top.
Many are confused by twisting. These articles clarify how gymnasts rotate.
Learning How to Twist Fast, Fred Yeadon
Introduction to twisting progressions by a world expert using computer models.
Preventing barani confusion, Rick McCharles
Did you know?, Spiros Prassas
Biomechanical, medical titbits & links.
Determining Direction of Twist, Larry Gleason, Technique.
Easy Twist Drills , Michael Taylor, USECA
Tests to determine dominant twist direction and to improve twisting ability.
Twist Direction, Bill Sands, Technique.
Most gymnasts who put the right hand down first on round-off twist to the right ...
Trampoline Drills: Building Air Sense for Dismounts & Landings, Kelly Crumley, Technique.
Twist Preparation and its Relationship to the Pirouette, Jack Carter, Technique.
Determine twist direction by age 5 or 6 to avoid problems later.
Training Uneven Parallel Bar Back Salto Dismounts, Peter E. Pidcoe, Technique.
Biomechanical description of flyaway and some suggestions.
An insight into the Biomechanics of Twisting, Hardy Fink, Technique.
Kyle Shewfelt with his National Coach Edouard Iarov, 2002.
Coaches Information Service Biomechanics Index
International Society of Biomechanics in Sports & University of Edinburgh.
new Triple and Quadruple Twist, Sands, Smith, Piacentini, Stone, McNeal. A biomechanical comparison with video examples.
new Giant Swings on the Parallel Bars, Spiros Prassas. A biomechanical comparison with video examples.
new Vaulting Mechanics, Spiros Prassas. A detailed biomechanical analysis.
...Why it is Difficult to Do that Double Back Layout Somersault?, Spiros Prassas
Examples of principles of rotation.
Swinging in Gymnastics , David Kerwin
Mechanics of giant swings including giant Diamodov on P Bars.
Action-reaction and Shape-jumps, Bill Sands, Technique.
Examples of Newtons Third Law.
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